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The 10 common diseases of newborns

 Diseases affecting the newborn:



1_bile
It is no secret to you that jaundice is one of the diseases of the newborn, and it is of two types:

physiological bile:
It is a common condition among newborns; Where the child's blood contains a large proportion of bilirubin, a substance formed as a result of the breakdown of red blood cells; Because the liver is not able to do its job and gets rid of the bilirubin through the stool; This leads to the appearance of yellow.
pathological bile:
It is much rarer and more dangerous; Where the level of bilirubin is dangerously high, and this may lead to brain damage, or developmental problems; Therefore, the child’s condition must be followed up with the doctor to obtain the necessary treatment, and to expose him to a special light.

2- Oral fungi:
In the context of talking about diseases affecting newborns; We have to mention oral fungi; It is a common infection that affects children, and it arises due to the accumulation of fungi and yeasts in the mouth, due to the weak immunity of the child,

 

They appear in the form of white spots on the lips, tongue and cheeks of the little one from the inside.

cure it
Pay attention to your hygiene when breastfeeding, and sterilize the nipples and bottle if you are breastfeeding. These spots may go away on their own, or an antifungal solution may be required, as directed by your doctor.

3- colic:
A condition that affects infants from the first week of birth until the age of four months, during which they experience bouts of intense crying accompanied by severe screaming that differs from the normal crying that is usually daily and about two hours intermittently.

In the case of colic, the child moves his limbs towards his stomach with the back arch and continuous movement of the hands, accompanied by vomiting in very difficult and severe cases, so it is difficult for the mother to calm the child by simple traditional methods in which the child is placed on the palm of the hand and massaged on his back.

4- Newborn umbilical hernia:
The umbilical protrusion, which is especially pronounced when the child cries, is the hallmark of a newborn umbilical hernia in infants. The umbilical hernia usually disappears until the age of one year. In cases where the hernia does not disappear until the age of 3 years or persists until puberty, an umbilical hernia is needed Surgical intervention.

5- constipation:
It is a common illness in infants due to changing the diet (using new milk, or moving to solid foods). Mostly, constipation will go away automatically within a few days, but you should help your child by giving him more fluids, or doing some exercises to get rid of it. Constipation quickly.

6-face pills:
Sometimes, newborns may suffer from a condition similar to acne, which is white heads that spread in separate areas of the body, especially the face, as a result of hormonal disorders experienced by mothers during this period, which may reach the child through breastfeeding.

7-Kinsha and cold in infants:
One of the most important problems that mothers want to find solutions to, cold and cold affect infants to a greater extent than older children, as the nostrils of infants are small and mucus in the nose leads to the occurrence of nasal congestion and the inability of the child to breathe.
8-fever:
The temperature of children may rise to more than 38 degrees when suffering from influenza and gastroenteritis or as a result of taking some vaccinations, and the attending physician should be consulted, to prescribe the appropriate antipyretic drugs for him, taking care to make cold water compresses.

9-ear infections:
50% of children get ear infections 3 or more times before reaching the age of one year, and these infections are caused by a bacterial infection or a viral infection. And the temperature rises.
10-Drought:
Some children suffer from dehydration, as a result of the lack of water and mineral salts in their bodies, due to diarrhea or vomiting, a condition that may increase the risk of death if it is not treated as soon as it is discovered, by replacing the affected child with fluids and water or taking a rehydration solution.